Beta-chlorolactic acid as internal standard

Beta-chlorolactic acid is a major intermediate of 3-monochloro-1,2-propanediol (MCPD) in mammalian species. 3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) is a food contaminant known to display toxic effects. 3-MCPD is mainly produced in the refining of vegetable fats and...

ATM4 und ATM4-glucuronide

Discrimination between street heroin consumption and poppy seed ingestion represents a major toxicological challenge in daily routine work. Now it is known the presence of acetylated thebaine metabolites ATM4 und ATM4 glucuronide (ATM4G) only originating from thebaine...